Greenland turbot has snowy white meat and practically no risk of bones. The meat has a soft texture and a mild umami flavor.
The Greenland turbot (Reinhardtius hippoglossoides) is highly appreciated for its snowy-white meat with a delicate and soft texture. It is easy to cook with, recognized for its delicate flavor, and extremely rich in omega-3 fatty acids, making it a much sought-after delicacy.
Greenland turbot products
The Greenland turbot is a truly versatile fish, where almost everything on the fish can be used. As a result, Royal Greenland has almost zero waste from its production and utilizes over 90 % of the fish.
The fish is either sold whole or cut into fillets with or without skin, or into loins and portions. The other products, such as heads, tails and frills, are also cut and sold mainly in Asia, where e.g. the frills are considered to be a delicacy in Japanese sushi. The Greenland turbot is also used for the production of ready meals and smoked and marinated products.
Greenland turbot in the sea
Greenland turbot is found in the North Atlantic and the Arctic Ocean, from Canada in the west to Norway in the east. The Greenland turbot is a flatfish that is dark on the upper side and lighter on the belly. It has a set of sharp teeth for hunting its prey such as shrimp, krill, capelin and redfish. The Greenland turbot is also known to prey on Atlantic cod, grenadier or squid. It lives near the bottom and prefers depths of 200-2,000 metres, where water temperatures remain below 4°C.
The species reaches sexual maturity at an age of around four to five years for the male and nine to ten years for the female. The fish living offshore migrate to the spawning grounds in September, and the spawning itself takes place in February and March, at depths of around 1,000-1,500 metres. The Davis Strait seems to be the most important spawning area. Greenland turbot living inshore in Western Greenland are thought not to spawn and remain inshore for the rest of their lives.
The stock in Western Greenland is considered to be healthy and stable.
Greenland turbot is fished all year round, both inshore and offshore, and Royal Greenland fishes for Greenland turbot throughout the North Atlantic. The fishing can be classed as offshore and inshore.
Inshore, the local fishermen prefer the longline, which is a set of 1,200-2,500 hooks mounted on a single line, for catching Greenland turbot. The longline ensures Greenland turbot of high quality, because the fish is unhooked by hand, with minimum damage to the delicate meat.
Inshore the Greenland turbot can be fished using longline. The longline is very gentle to the fish and leaves almost no marks on the delicate flesh.
For offshore fishing of Greenland turbot, Royal Greenland fishes with trawl. The net itself is cone-shaped and designed to target Greenland turbot, with mesh sizes fitted to leave out juveniles. In addition, Royal Greenland supports the research and development of less invasive trawling methods, both for the seabed environment and with regard to the fishing vessels’ fuel consumption.
The processing of Greenland turbot begins at our Greenlandic factories and on board our vessels. The land-based factories are located as close to the harbour as possible, to provide the shortest route from sea to processing. At our land-based factories, the Greenland turbot is cut into different products, such as J-cut, fillets with and without skin, frills or head-on gutted. At sea, the two trawlers Sisimiut and Tuugalik are equipped to process the Greenland turbot as a J-cut before being frozen, or simply frozen as whole round fish.
After processing in our Greenlandic factories, the Greenland turbot is either sold to customers or shipped to one of our other factories for further processing.
In Poland, the fish is delivered either as fillets or head-on gutted. Here, the Greenland turbot is typically processed into smaller cuts such as loins and portions, or used in ready meals such as soups or breaded products.
Greenland turbot fillets from Royal Greenland are handfilleted for a perfectly trimmed results every time.
In Denmark, the Greenland turbot is smoked both hot and cold as whole fillets, with skin or as portions. In China, the frills are processed for some of the world's finest sushi served in Japan.
Route to market
After processing, the Greenland turbot is shipped straight from our factories to the customer. The Greenland turbot is a popular fish and the demand is strong and stable. In Asia, the Greenland turbot is mainly sold as whole fish or with the guts removed. In Europe, the fish is most popular as fillets, loins or ready meals such as fish soups or breaded products.
Greenland turbot in the kitchen
The Greenland turbot has been a delicacy in Greenland for centuries, but has with good reason also won popularity around the world. It is easy to work with, almost impossible to overcook and works in numerous dishes. This makes the Greenland turbot an easily incorporated ingredient in cooking.
Loins from our Greenland turbot makes cooking easy with uniform portion ready sizes and no waste
The texture of the flesh is soft and tender, with a bright white appearance both cooked and raw. In terms of flavor, the Greenland turbot offers a sweet and mild umami experience, which is complimented well by a slightly sour or bitter opponent, or by a touch of salt to enhance the umami and lessen the sweetness.
In terms of nutrition, the Greenland turbot offers a high content of healthy fat and omega-3 fatty acids, while also being a good source of vitamin B6, vitamin D, phosphorus and selenium.